Milewicz, K., Holloway, J., Peacock, C., Snidal, D (2016). Beyond trade: the broader scope of the non-trade agenda in trade agreements. The Journal of Conflict Resolution., 62, 743-773. doi.org/10.1177/0022002716662687. (i) Protection from social and environmental dumping. The TPP, much despised, went further than previous agreements in establishing minimum labour standards linked to an agreement with Vietnam to condition the implementation of trade commitments. These provisions provide a basis for protection against social dumping in the broadest sense. However, if such provisions are to be incorporated into trade agreements, they must be subject to strict procedural, de facto and damage requirements in order to combat abuses. This first political letter from ETUI 2012 deals with the first international ISO social standard “ISO 26000 – Guidance for Social Responsibility” …
Read more v. Expand trade negotiations on political flexibility to prevent social dumping and enable development. One can imagine a new form of trade negotiations involving negotiations on political space and market access. The negotiations could include the establishment of greater political leeway for industrialized countries to develop the social contract, protecting labour from social dumping and providing developing countries with greater political flexibility to pursue experimental industrial policies to improve the value chain. However, the problem with these policies is that they can impose considerable externalities on outsiders. These externalities can be negotiated, as is the case with any rule. The challenge is to operate the concept of negotiating the political space while limiting the risk of protectionist abuses. Our results are strong for a sample of interviewees only in India or a sample that excludes respondents in India, which controls trade unions, political ideology and public spending and excludes people with prior awareness of social norms. Scheve, K. F., Slaughter, M. J. (2001).
This determines individual business preferences. Journal of International Economics, 54(2), 267-292. Kucik, J. (2012). The internal policy of the institutional organisation: the preferences of producers with regard to the rules of trade agreements. Economics and Politics, 24 (2), 95-118. Structurally, states must overcome the problems of collective action and coordinate if they are to effectively combat harmful tax competition and protect the fiscal sovereignty of the state. Globalization does not make it impossible to improve social policy and internal work, but the current system supports the free movement of capital, goods and services that hinder the continuation of this policy. The policy will be facilitated by limiting harmful tax competition and increasing the tax base through intergovernmental coordination.
Trade agreements could be subject to separately negotiated international tax agreements, which could be incorporated by reference to these agreements. Mansfield, E. D., Mutz, D.C (2009). Support for free trade: self-interest, sociotropic politics and intergroup fear. International Organization, 63 (3), 425-457. In order to ensure continued national and international support for an open trading system, the obligation to redistribute the benefits of trade could be included in the trade agreements themselves (Meyer 2017). In this way, governments would make commitments not only to workers, but also to their trading partners, who would otherwise be concerned about trade restrictions, more credible. Raess, D., Dur, A., Sari, D. (2018).
Protection of workers` rights in preferential trade agreements: the role of trade unions, left-wing governments and skilled workers. Review of International Organizations, 13, 143-162. Ehrlich, S.